Diamond is one of the highly desired gemstones. It can be understood as an allotrope of carbon, meaning to say that it is one of the different forms of the element. It is transparent and has a very shiny appearance. The name of this gemstone has been derived from the Greek word “adamas” which means something that is unconquerable or immortal. Interestingly, the Greeks held the belief that diamonds were tears of the Gods and associated these with mystical and special powers.
It is believed that first diamonds were mined in India. In the initial stages of the emergence of diamond jewelry, it was worn for talismanic purposes for warding off the evil. In ancient India especially, diamond ornaments were reserved for religious purposes. Early Indian men and women regarded the diamonds with strong healing powers. Hence, diamond jewelry was worn by both men and women.
The Gemological Institute of America or GIA has established the four-C-criteria for describing diamonds. These are: cut, clarity, color and carat weight. Diamond cut is the most important of these characteristics as it defines the appearance, durability as well as the cost of the gemstone. Also, the light will travel through the diamond depending upon the cut. Some of the most popular diamond cuts include round brilliant cut, princess cut, cushion cut emerald cut, etc.
The clarity of the diamond is about determining the quality of it which includes inclusions and blemishes. Inclusions and blemishes are of several types. Inclusions or internal characteristics give the diamond its unique characteristics. Blemishes, in simple terms, can be understood as surface defects. The third criterion is the color of the gemstone. A perfect diamond is the one in which the color is absent and is, therefore, valued more. Carat weight refers to the measurement of weight of the diamond. The greater the carat weight of the gemstone, the higher will be its cost.
The fondness for diamonds grew much more with the introduction of these into jewellery. The news that these shimmering gemstones could now be worn passed the waves of excitement through both men and women. And since then diamond necklaces, pendants, earrings, rings, cuffs, bangles and anklets have been in vogue.
The industries of gems and jewellery have agreeably become two major sectors of economic activities. Gold jewelry, diamond jewelry and silver jewelry are much desired among these. As the industry of diamond jewellery is dominating the fashion trends with its popularity, it is at the same time putting forth a strong challenge to the industry of gold and silver. However, this is not to say that the demand for gold jewellery and silver jewellery has reduced. What it means is that the rate at which the demand for diamond jewellery is increasing is greater that of the other two types.
The export and manufacture of diamonds as well as diamond jewelry has become a big business. Millions of diamonds are mined every year. India is one of the leading providers of diamond and diamond jewelry and is also considered to be a rapidly growing diamond market in the world. Russia and Botswana are the second largest sources of diamond.
Typically, diamond jewellery was largely about showcasing the beauty of diamonds in all their splendour. In the recent years, the combination of gold along with diamond has raised the glitter to a whole new level. It makes the jewellery more majestic. The combination has been the most creative as well as an admirable turning point on part of both sellers and the buyers.
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